What is Research?

First of all, to define the question about “what is research”, I want to set up two different dimensions of definition. Academic definition and our own personal definition of Research. This is to cater neophyte writers so that they will understand the meaning easily. As a result, we added our simplified definition.

Research in the academic perspective is a diligent and systematic inquiry. It is an in-depth investigation into a subject in order to discover or revise facts, theories, and applications (Dictionary.com).

It is a process of systematic inquiry that entails collection of data. Documentation of critical information. And the analysis and interpretation of that data/information, in accordance with suitable methodologies set by specific professional fields and academic disciplines. It is conducted to evaluate the validity of a hypothesis or an interpretive framework. 

To assemble a body of substantive knowledge and findings for sharing them in appropriate manners. And to generate questions for further inquiries (Hamshire.edu).

It is a process of extensive study to a certain topic or problem and a process of collecting the data to solve and address the topic or the problem (Barjunaid Cadir, 2018).

On the other hand, we simply defined research as the act to search an answer to a problem. For instance, You want to know about why student skip class? What is the effect of using salt in your daily meal? How can you improve your balanced diet? 

These are some of the questions that you want to ask before doing research. Your problem now will help you what to do next.

Purpose of Research

In writing your study, keep in mind that the purpose of your research is really important. This will help you keep on the track on your target study. The Purpose of Research will help you understand how will you collect data on a certain problem. What style will you initiate in your research and this will help you identify the audiences, how will you conduct the study and the standards that you will implement in your study. To serve you what we think the Purpose of Research, here’s our collective idea;

  1. Applied Research – Understanding the nature of the problem that you are about to study. How will you solve a research problem if you don’t know the problem itself? Try to understand the problem so you can relate to the study that you are working. Understanding the problem may help you foresee possible solutions that stated in number 3.
  2. Action Research – Applying immediate remedy to your target problem. Apply what is/are needed to solve the problem based on the result of your research
  3. Summative Research – Picture out any suggestions, recommendations, and interventions that might help to solve the problem. Considering that you already familiar with the research problem, try to put yourself in the situation. By doing this, you can suggest, recommend, or create an intervention plan on how to solve your research problem.
  4. Formative Research – Improve your suggestions, recommendations, and the interventions based on the result of the study. Conduct the actual research and compare the result to your early suggestions, recommendations, or intervention plan. Improve your plan based on the result of the study.

Research Aims, Objectives, and Questions.

Many of us might ask how to make research objectives, research questions, and aims of research? Based on our knowledge, we always have our aims or the objectives on why we are working on our research. This objective or aim will guide us to a specific result. This will also guide the reader of your research as to what specific target are you aiming at the end of the study. To give you a clear view on this, see our sample below.

The aim or objective of the study.

“Knowing the potential effects of stress towards the children and with the strong study backgrounds and corroborations, this provokes the researcher to investigate the Stressors Affecting the Grade V pupils of Panubigan Elementary School and the Coping Strategies which will be open for recommendations, suggestions, and changes”

Research Questions

  1. What is the extent of the stress experienced by the Grade V pupils of Panubigan Elementary School in terms of:

   1.1 Physical, Emotional and Psychological

   1.2 Academic

   1.3 Economic

  1. What are the coping-mechanisms adopted by the pupils of the Panubigan Elementary School?
  2. What are the academic factors affecting the grade V pupils of the Panubigan Elementary School?
  3. Is there a significant relationship between stress and coping mechanism?
  4. Is there a significant difference when the data are group according to their profile?
  5. On the basis of the findings, what stress management program can be designed?

What is Research Methodology

Research Methodology is one of the chapters of Research. In research methodologies, you include the description of the research design that you will use in the study, the research locale, population and sampling design, research instrumentation, reliability and validity of the research and data gathering procedures.

A. What is Research Design

          Research Design is a method on how will you write your entire research study. You will design your research based on the problem you are dealing with. If you want to distribute the research questionnaire, most probably you will be using a Quantitative Research. On the other hand, if you want to observe a phenomenon, compare two groups by conducting one-on-one interview, you might consider using Qualitative Research Design.

B. What is Research Locale

          This is your target respondents. You want to describe your target respondents so that your reader will have the idea as to what kind of respondents you include in your research study. Is it a group of students, professionals, workers, and any other specific target respondent of your research study?

C. Population and Sampling design

          After describing your target respondents, you need to set the number of populations needed for your study. How will you select this population? If you need to select a certain number from this population, what method will you use?


D. Research Instrument

          As I have mentioned earlier in line with the research question, your research instrument will help you collect data to answer the following questions that will lead you to solve the problem. This might be a questionnaire, a group of questions, a process, and the likes.

E. Reliability and Validity

           Creating your own questionnaire is easy. Validating its reliability needs a process. If you adopt a research questionnaire from previous research, check the validity and reliability test of the research instrument. If you crafted your research questionnaire, you can do a pilot testing and compute the result using the alpha Cronbach computation.

F. Data gathering procedure

          As clear as water, you need to emphasize how will you gather the information. From day 0 to day 10. All the process should be recorded. From creating your questionnaire, validating, distribution of questionnaires and the retrieval of the questionnaire, the computation of data if you are doing quantitative research, and the description of the result if you are doing qualitative research.

5 ways to start your Research in 2019

To start your research, you must have the following;

1. Your problem. If you don’t know your problem, read the text above.

2. You need to have a background knowledge of the problem. To do so, you must read studies, articles, and previous research findings in relation to your specific problem

Research Maker
  1. Before reading, I want you to make a list of questions to be answered while reading. For instance, you are doing study about why people immediately go to “Google” and ask their question?

You need to write questions like;


“What is Google?”

“What is the reason behind choosing google to ask for their question?”

“Other than Google, what is their next option?

These questions will help you identify important information that you need for your research. You also need this information in your introduction if you will indulge in writing a research.

4. Make sure to list down all the information and save it as your note. Because you will need all the data in the previous study. As cited in number 2 as your reference and your collected information. And as cited in number 3 as your content.

See a sample picture below for Reference and Citation.

        Sample Reference

        Barjunaid Cadir (2018). What is the real definition? Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey. 

        Sample Internet Reference




Research Maker
  1. A bucket of motivation to continue your study since this will take time to finish. Don’t worry, it will be at least a day or two. 

To conclude your concern, follow the steps given.

To sum up, writing or doing your own study is very easy. Most importantly, follow the steps and understand our simple definition given above. To be able to write your own research, identify your problem, list all your question about the problem, do background research about the problem and list all the information you collected from reading.

Need Help in Writing your Research? Reach us 


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